German Shepherd


German Shepherd | GSD | Alsatian

The German Shepherd is one of the large dog breeds that originally come from Germany dated back in 1899. German Shepherds are work line dogs and were developed originally for herding and guarding sheep. German shepherds are quite strong & intelligent. They possess an ability of obedience training. They are often employed by police and military for their distinctive qualities.


In Europe during the 1850’s, attempts to standardise the dog breed were made. The dogs were bred for herding purposes and protecting flocks from predators. In Germany this was widely practised by the local communities. The local shepherds selected and bred dogs that they believed had the skills necessary for herding sheep.The skills they looked for were intelligence, speed, endurance, strength and keen sense of smell. The results were the dogs that fulfilled the purpose. At the same time that differed significantly, both in appearance and ability, from one locality to another.

To overcome these differences, the society name PHYLAX was formed in 1891 with a sole purpose to create standardised dog breeds in Germany. The society however disbanded after only three years due to ongoing internal conflicts, such as the traits in dogs that the society should promote. After an unsuccessful attempt Phylax Society inspired people to pursue standardising dog breeds independently. In 1899, Von Stephanitz (an ex-cavalry captain and former student of the Berlin Veterinary College) was shown a dog named Hektor Linksrhein when he attended a dog show. Hektor was the result of selective breeding of few generations of dogs. It completely fulfilled what Von Stephanitz believed a working dog should be like. He was pleased with dog’s strength, intelligence, loyalty, and beauty, that he purchased him immediately. After purchasing the dog he changed his name to Horand. Horand was the first German Shepherd and was the first GSD to be added to the society’s breed register.

German Shepherd Temperament

German Shepherds are highly active, faithful, curious and brave. The curiosity makes them the best of guarding dogs and are very much suitable for police jobs such as searching for drugs or criminals. They should be socialised properly as if left alone for too long and with less of a socialisation they can become over protected of the family they are living with and the territory. They can be very territorial and aggressive if not trained properly. They don’t get mixed with strangers that quickly or easily. If trained properly the GSD‘s are one of the best breed to have and are very loyal and obedient. All of the German shepherds need a daily walk to maintain their athletic shape and to over come the high energy level of theirs. To attain an ideal and stable temperament in GSD’s ongoing socialisation plays a vital role. They are also friendly towards the other pets that you may have at your home, if introduces to them at a very young age. However, some of them can be very dominant and aggressive towards cats and same sex dogs. Again in most cases they are very friendly, obedient and loyal. With a little bit of effort you can get the best of dogs for your home, as GSD’s are always willing to learn.

Height and Weight

The male German shepherd can grow up to 26 inches in height and in rare cases they have reached the height of 28 inches. The males weigh around 35 to 45 kg. Females usually are an inch or two smaller than the males.  They can be be anywhere between 22 to 24 inches in height and weigh around 35 to 40 kg.

Health Issues

German Shepherd can suffer from the following diseases Hip dysplasia, digestive problems, epilepsy, chronic eczema, splenic tumors, bloating, degenerative myelitis, exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, perianal fistulas Osteochondrosis of the Knee or Spine, Osteochondrosis of the Shoulder and Haemophilia A .


Short coat German Shepherds or short haired German Shepherd

Long Coat German shepherds or long haired German Shepherd


Long walks, running, frisbee catching, ball chasing, and any physical game that they can burn their energy with.

Life Expectancy

Around 10 to 13 years.

German Shephard Coat Colours

German Shepherds come in different colours the most famous are Black & Tan. They also come in Black, White, Liver, Blue, Red & Black, Black & Silver, Grey and Sable.

Black German Shepherd

Black-German-Shepherd Blue German ShepherdBlue-German-shepherd

Liver German Shepherd


White German Shepherd


Black and Tan German Shepherd

Black & Tan - German-Shepherd

Sable German Shepherd